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Objectives: The Green Climate Fund (GCF) was established in 2010 by the conference of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to which Tonga acceded to. Green Climate Fund start here in Tonga on 5 February 2018 aim to Establishing and strengthening National Designated Authorities or Focal Points; Developing strategic frameworks for engagement with the GCF, including the preparation of country programmes
Project Goal: Enhance the ability of climate change resilience and adaptation planning in the Pacific, by supporting the implementation of a regional approach to climate change information management.
Vision: To promote and ensure safe, healthy, secure and resilient communities to climate change impacts and disaster risks. Goals: (1) Improved good governance for climate change adaptation and disaster risk management (2) Enhanced technical knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adaptation and effective disaster risk management (3) Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate change impacts and disaster risk (4) Enhanced community preparedness and resilience to impacts of all disasters (5) Technically reliable, economically affordable and environmentally sound energy to support the sustainable development of the Kingdom (6) Strong partnerships, cooperation and collaboration within government agencies and with civil societies and NGOs The development of JNAP II is envisioned to complete this year and implementation to begin in 2017-until 2027. The formulation of JNAP II is made possible with funding from the EU-GIZ through the ACSE Project. Note: JNAP Secretariat has been appointed to permanent senior positions of the Ministry under the Climate Change Division (as of January 2013, Malolo appointed as Director of the Department of Climate Change and in April 2014 Talo Fulivai and Ofa Kaisamy was appointed to senior positions at the Department of Climate Change.
To improve good governance for effective management, coordination, implementation and financing of climate change adaptation and disaster risk initiatives in Tonga
Climate Resilience Sector Project (CRSP) was prepared under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) to mainstream climate resilience into government planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities. The purpose of the Project is to implement the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) prepared under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR). The Project will mainstream climate resilience into development planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities.The Project will (i) build capacity in climate change adaptation and disaster risk management at community, sector and national levels; (ii) provide information, tools, and legislative frameworks needed to introduce climate change considerations into government and sector planning and budgeting processes; and (iii) provide access to resource (technical, human, financial) to address the climate change risk priorities of the Government, as well as those vulnerable communities through a combination of soft and hard measures. Objectives of portal
GHG Inventory/ Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment Tonga, with reference to Article 12, paragraph 1 of the UNFCCC, is required to provide information in its national communication. Main areas of focus: (a) National inventory of GHG emissions and removals, (b) Programmes containing measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to, and mitigation of climate change, and (c) Any other information considered relevant for the achievement of the objectives of the UNFCCC. Tonga’s TNC Project will enable Tonga to prepare and submit its third national communication building on and strengthening the activities that have been carried out in preparing its second national communication. The project will further strengthen the national capacities and will further raise general knowledge and promote awareness on climate change and its effects. It will also strengthen the visibility of climate change issues on the national agenda through strengthened cooperation and increased involvement of all relevant stakeholders in the process. In addition, it will continue to strengthen and build national capacities for the effective implementation of the UNFCCC.
Climate Change Adaptation: Coastal and Water Sector There were two projects in Tonga funded under the PASAP Implementation of the JNAP Activity 2.1. in relation to undertake LIDAR (light detection and ranging) survey to acquire a high resolution digital elevation model of topographic and bathymetric data. (Budget AUD4m) Coastal Inundation Modeling as Phase 2 of this assistance to be implemented with DCCEE, early 2013.(Budget: AUD$562,000) The three major components of this program Coastal Zone Assessment Water Resources Assessment (underground and rainwater?) Socio-economic Assessment Preliminary findings were presented to PASAP Technical Working Group (3 October 2012), Ha’apai Development Committee , Governor of Ha’apai and people of Lifuka (5 October 2012). Final Report was presented in March 2013.
The overarching project goal is to strengthen the sustainable management of marine and coastal biodiversity of mountainous volcanic islands (Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu) and of flat islands and atolls (Kiribati, Tonga). In partnership with the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the project is aiming to undertake economic assessments of marine and coastal ecosystems, integrating the results into national development plans. Through the development and provision of a spatial planning framework for territorial waters and EEZs, the project will support partner countries in setting up and expanding national protected area systems that are ecologically representative of existing marine and coastal ecosystems and habitat types. The project aims to mainstream and extend re-designed MPA networks using seascapelevel planning and will demonstrate effective approaches to site management, including payment for ecosystem services. The project aims to adopt tried and tested concepts and instruments throughout the project countries and the wider Oceania region.
Objectives: <p>The management of the marine and coastal biodiversity of mountainous volcanic islands (Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu) and flat islands and atolls (Kiribati, Tonga) has improved.</p>
Mangrove rehabilitation and conservation/ Ecosystem Based Adaptation The project’s overarching objective is to help Pacific Islanders effectively manage their mangrove and associated coastal ecosystems to support/enhance livelihoods and build resilience to the potential consequences of climate change and variability on coastal areas. The MESCAL project promoted joint management and conservation of mangrove ecosystems in select areas of Tongatapu. The geographical focus of this project is limited in certain area of Tongatapu Villages surrounding the Fanga’uta Lagoon. The project provided valuable inputs especially for the formulation of “Living with the Sea Best Practice” guideline proposed under Component 1 and when the guideline will be disseminated as part of Component 3. Effectiveness of the MESCAL project will also be captured and stored in the centrally managed database developed under Component 2.
This project aims is to increase resilience of the targeted communities in Hihifo-Haʻapai & Neiafu-Vavaʻu (Funded by FON), Lifuka District in Haʻapai & Koloa and Holeva in Vavaʻu (Funded by NZaid) to better respond to the impacts of a disaster by enabling them to revive, apply and share traditional methods and where necessary merging these practices with modern scientific and technical knowledge. Haʻapai and Vavaʻu are the two major outer islands of Tonga which are of vulnerable to impacts of natural disasters such as cyclone and floods. The frequency and intensity of these disasters especially flooding is reported to have increased over the recent years due to climate change and have caused serious damage to communities that live along the coastline. Experience has shown that after massive floods and cyclones, island communities are isolated for several weeks due to a suite of factors. As a consequence these communities are not able to receive food assistance resulting in food crisis which can last for several weeks depending upon the severity of a disaster. Most residents continue to be entrapped in the cycle of poverty after the loss of their crops, houses and other sources of livelihood as a result of reoccurring disasters. NZaid Project Goal – to reduce the social, economic and environmental impacts of disasters on the Pacific Island communities and economy and promote the achievement of associated MDGs FON Project Goal – To increase the resilience of Communities towards natural disasters in selected communities (Hihifo-Haʻapai & Neiafu-Vavaʻu)
Objectives: <p><strong>The main objectives of the NZAid project are:</strong></p> <ul> <li>To document through participatory research and disseminate widely the traditional and modern vulnerability reduction methods, social conditions and skills that effectively contribute to community resilience.</li> <li>To facilitate community self organization to prepare for and manage disasters and to build risk reduction measures into daily development activities.</li> <li>To forge linkages with key stakeholders at both national and regional levels to promote sustainability of community activities and to spread advocacy for community based vulnerability reduction</li> </ul> <p><strong>The main objectives of the FON project are:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) plans is devised and adopted.</li> <li>Pilot project on traditional coping strategies implemented</li> <li>Traditional coping mechanisms are promoted and socialized (promotions and Traditional coping strategies for DRR)</li> <li>Traditional coping strategies are supported by other organizations and stakeholders (advocacy to support investment in traditional DRR)</li> </ul>