As part of the Australian Government's International Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (ICCAI), the Pacific Adaptation Strategies Assistance Program (PASAP) and its successor, the Pacific- Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning (PACCSAP) program, aim to strengthen partner country capacity to assess vulnerability to climate change and develop robust adaptation strategies. Discussions during 2010 between the Australian Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE) and Tonga's Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management 2012-2015 (JNAP). Action 2.1 specifies the need for high resolution topographic and bathymetric data, and mapping of vulnerable coastal areas of Tongatapu. The second pahse of this project will develop capacity in relevant Government of Tonga agencies to use coastal elevation data to understand risks from sea level rise associated with climate change. The secound phase of work will also provide the IT infrastructure to store and use the data. Broader communication with in-country stakeholders to raise awareness of the new data is also proposed. Simple coastal inundation models development during the training will be used to support an initial risk assessment of priority coastal areas of Tongatapu.
As part of the Australian Government's International Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (ICCAI), the Pacific Adaptation Strategies Assistance Program (PASAP) and its successor, the Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning (PACCSAP) program, aim to strengthen partner country capacity to assess vulnerability to climate change and develop robust adaptation strategies. Discussions during 2010 between the Australian Government Department of Cliamte Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE) and Tonga's Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MECC) highlighted the potential for supporting Action 2.1 of Tonga's Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management 2012-2015 (JNAP). Action 2.1 specifies the need for high resolution imagery was also captured with the LiDAR. The surveys were completed in Octorber 2011 and the data was processed to produce high resolution digital elevation models (DEMS) and other derived products. Phase one also assessed institutional technical capability whithin the Government of Tonga to receive and use the elevation data, and scoped capacity building requirements to sustainably use the data for coastal inundation modelling and risk assessment.
An animation and toolkit which raises awareness of the science and impacts of El Niño and La Niña and encourages Pacific Islanders to take early action in preparing for these extreme events. The film stars a comical and highly resilient crab and follows her escapades across the Pacific.
The report provides a foundation to guide coastal managers, coastal planners, coastal engineers, decision makers and disaster managers throughout the Pacific in their efforts to understand the various measures they can take to reduce coastal erosion. The goal is to devise ‘no regret’ strategies using effective interventions to protect the Pacific coasts, ecosystems and basic vital infrastructure. Coastal protection interventions in the Pacific basically fall into two categories: non-structural adaptation and structural adaptation approaches, both of which are covered in this report. Selected examples of current coastal protection interventions are presented in pictorial form, including examples from Tonga (Chapter 4.15). Examples from the Cook Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Guam, Kiribati , Nauru, Niue, the Northern Marianas, Samoa, the Republic of Marshall Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Tuvalu, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and Timor Leste are also included. Some examples of unsuccessful interventions were also captured.
Climate Change continues to pose irreversible threat to the people of Tonga, its society, livelihoods, and its national environment. The interference to the climate system from human-caused climate change is already affecting Tonga’s development, livelihood of its people and future. The World Risk Report has ranked Tonga as one of the world most at-risk country for natural hazards, and sea level rising. Tonga makes a negligible contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions, with low per capita emissions of 2.95 tCO2e whilst notably; the increasing frequency of strong destructive tropical cyclones has affected Tonga’s development with damages on average costing 20 percent of GDP. Extensive coastal erosions across the Kingdom has prompted Government to direct over 30 percent of mobilized development assistance to address it during the last six years, and lack of climate proofing investments further risks Government’s poverty alleviation commitments and national development. Irreversible loss and damage from extreme weather events and coastal erosions are critical areas whereby national response are limited influencing the designed national contributions through reducing emission and also on creative smart resilience investments. Taking into account its negligible emission and limited capability, Tonga’s intended contributions are designed to be quantified at the national level cascaded to the sector level as follows: · 50% of electricity generation from renewable sources by 2020. In 2015 renewable energy accounts for approximately 9% of total electricity generation, with confirmed and funded investments taking this to 13% in 2016. · 70% of electricity generation from renewable sources by 2030 · Improve Energy efficiency through reduction of electricity line losses to 9 percent by 2020 (from a baseline of 18 percent in 2010)
Climate Resilience Sector Project (CRSP) was prepared under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) to mainstream climate resilience into government planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities. The purpose of the Project is to implement the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) prepared under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR). The Project will mainstream climate resilience into development planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities.The Project will (i) build capacity in climate change adaptation and disaster risk management at community, sector and national levels; (ii) provide information, tools, and legislative frameworks needed to introduce climate change considerations into government and sector planning and budgeting processes; and (iii) provide access to resource (technical, human, financial) to address the climate change risk priorities of the Government, as well as those vulnerable communities through a combination of soft and hard measures. Objectives of portal