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Straight after the endorsement of the JNAP on CCADRM by Cabinet, ACP-EU as coordinated by SOPAC had secured funding to implement the following JNAP actions;
Objectives: 1. Improved good governance for climate change adaptation and disaster risk management. (2.) Enhanced technical knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adaptation and effective disaster risk management. (3.) Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate impacts and disaster risks. (4.) Enhanced community preparedness and resilience to impacts of all disasters
The Kingdom of Tonga is a large tropical archipelago of 169 is- lands spread over 700,000 square kilometres of the western South Pacific Ocean. Tonga lies just west of the International Date Line, directly south of Samoa and north of New Zealand. Most of the population lives in low-lying areas. In Western Tongatapu, parts of the communities lay less than two metres above sea level rendering properties vulnerable to flooding and coastal erosion caused by sea level rise, storm surge, heavy rain and catastrophic events such as tsunamis and cyclones. House-holds in this district tend to be of low economic means and tend to have limited ability to adapt or relocate The EU-GIZ ACSE programme helps people in 15 Pacific Island countries address two common challenges: adapting to climate change and reducing their dependence on fossil fuels. GIZ is supporting the Government of Tonga and its dedicated project team to implement coastal protection trials in selected areas of Western Tongatapu. The team is working in close part- nership with the people of the Hihifo District.
Objectives: The project aims to increase resilience of six coastal communities in Western Tongatapu to climate change impacts and to sustain their livelihoods
GHG Inventory/ Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment Tonga, with reference to Article 12, paragraph 1 of the UNFCCC, is required to provide information in its national communication. Main areas of focus: (a) National inventory of GHG emissions and removals, (b) Programmes containing measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to, and mitigation of climate change, and (c) Any other information considered relevant for the achievement of the objectives of the UNFCCC. Tonga’s TNC Project will enable Tonga to prepare and submit its third national communication building on and strengthening the activities that have been carried out in preparing its second national communication. The project will further strengthen the national capacities and will further raise general knowledge and promote awareness on climate change and its effects. It will also strengthen the visibility of climate change issues on the national agenda through strengthened cooperation and increased involvement of all relevant stakeholders in the process. In addition, it will continue to strengthen and build national capacities for the effective implementation of the UNFCCC.
This project aims is to increase resilience of the targeted communities in Hihifo-Haʻapai & Neiafu-Vavaʻu (Funded by FON), Lifuka District in Haʻapai & Koloa and Holeva in Vavaʻu (Funded by NZaid) to better respond to the impacts of a disaster by enabling them to revive, apply and share traditional methods and where necessary merging these practices with modern scientific and technical knowledge. Haʻapai and Vavaʻu are the two major outer islands of Tonga which are of vulnerable to impacts of natural disasters such as cyclone and floods. The frequency and intensity of these disasters especially flooding is reported to have increased over the recent years due to climate change and have caused serious damage to communities that live along the coastline. Experience has shown that after massive floods and cyclones, island communities are isolated for several weeks due to a suite of factors. As a consequence these communities are not able to receive food assistance resulting in food crisis which can last for several weeks depending upon the severity of a disaster. Most residents continue to be entrapped in the cycle of poverty after the loss of their crops, houses and other sources of livelihood as a result of reoccurring disasters. NZaid Project Goal – to reduce the social, economic and environmental impacts of disasters on the Pacific Island communities and economy and promote the achievement of associated MDGs FON Project Goal – To increase the resilience of Communities towards natural disasters in selected communities (Hihifo-Haʻapai & Neiafu-Vavaʻu)
Objectives: <p><strong>The main objectives of the NZAid project are:</strong></p> <ul> <li>To document through participatory research and disseminate widely the traditional and modern vulnerability reduction methods, social conditions and skills that effectively contribute to community resilience.</li> <li>To facilitate community self organization to prepare for and manage disasters and to build risk reduction measures into daily development activities.</li> <li>To forge linkages with key stakeholders at both national and regional levels to promote sustainability of community activities and to spread advocacy for community based vulnerability reduction</li> </ul> <p><strong>The main objectives of the FON project are:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) plans is devised and adopted.</li> <li>Pilot project on traditional coping strategies implemented</li> <li>Traditional coping mechanisms are promoted and socialized (promotions and Traditional coping strategies for DRR)</li> <li>Traditional coping strategies are supported by other organizations and stakeholders (advocacy to support investment in traditional DRR)</li> </ul>