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Climate Change Adaptation: Coastal and Water Sector There were two projects in Tonga funded under the PASAP Implementation of the JNAP Activity 2.1. in relation to undertake LIDAR (light detection and ranging) survey to acquire a high resolution digital elevation model of topographic and bathymetric data. (Budget AUD4m) Coastal Inundation Modeling as Phase 2 of this assistance to be implemented with DCCEE, early 2013.(Budget: AUD$562,000) The three major components of this program Coastal Zone Assessment Water Resources Assessment (underground and rainwater?) Socio-economic Assessment Preliminary findings were presented to PASAP Technical Working Group (3 October 2012), Ha’apai Development Committee , Governor of Ha’apai and people of Lifuka (5 October 2012). Final Report was presented in March 2013.
To improve good governance for effective management, coordination, implementation and financing of climate change adaptation and disaster risk initiatives in Tonga
The Kingdom of Tonga is a large tropical archipelago of 169 is- lands spread over 700,000 square kilometres of the western South Pacific Ocean. Tonga lies just west of the International Date Line, directly south of Samoa and north of New Zealand. Most of the population lives in low-lying areas. In Western Tongatapu, parts of the communities lay less than two metres above sea level rendering properties vulnerable to flooding and coastal erosion caused by sea level rise, storm surge, heavy rain and catastrophic events such as tsunamis and cyclones. House-holds in this district tend to be of low economic means and tend to have limited ability to adapt or relocate The EU-GIZ ACSE programme helps people in 15 Pacific Island countries address two common challenges: adapting to climate change and reducing their dependence on fossil fuels. GIZ is supporting the Government of Tonga and its dedicated project team to implement coastal protection trials in selected areas of Western Tongatapu. The team is working in close part- nership with the people of the Hihifo District.
Objectives: The project aims to increase resilience of six coastal communities in Western Tongatapu to climate change impacts and to sustain their livelihoods
Objectives: The Green Climate Fund (GCF) was established in 2010 by the conference of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to which Tonga acceded to. Green Climate Fund start here in Tonga on 5 February 2018 aim to Establishing and strengthening National Designated Authorities or Focal Points; Developing strategic frameworks for engagement with the GCF, including the preparation of country programmes
Vision: To promote and ensure safe, healthy, secure and resilient communities to climate change impacts and disaster risks. Goals: (1) Improved good governance for climate change adaptation and disaster risk management (2) Enhanced technical knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adaptation and effective disaster risk management (3) Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate change impacts and disaster risk (4) Enhanced community preparedness and resilience to impacts of all disasters (5) Technically reliable, economically affordable and environmentally sound energy to support the sustainable development of the Kingdom (6) Strong partnerships, cooperation and collaboration within government agencies and with civil societies and NGOs The development of JNAP II is envisioned to complete this year and implementation to begin in 2017-until 2027. The formulation of JNAP II is made possible with funding from the EU-GIZ through the ACSE Project. Note: JNAP Secretariat has been appointed to permanent senior positions of the Ministry under the Climate Change Division (as of January 2013, Malolo appointed as Director of the Department of Climate Change and in April 2014 Talo Fulivai and Ofa Kaisamy was appointed to senior positions at the Department of Climate Change.
The overarching project goal is to strengthen the sustainable management of marine and coastal biodiversity of mountainous volcanic islands (Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu) and of flat islands and atolls (Kiribati, Tonga). In partnership with the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the project is aiming to undertake economic assessments of marine and coastal ecosystems, integrating the results into national development plans. Through the development and provision of a spatial planning framework for territorial waters and EEZs, the project will support partner countries in setting up and expanding national protected area systems that are ecologically representative of existing marine and coastal ecosystems and habitat types. The project aims to mainstream and extend re-designed MPA networks using seascapelevel planning and will demonstrate effective approaches to site management, including payment for ecosystem services. The project aims to adopt tried and tested concepts and instruments throughout the project countries and the wider Oceania region.
Objectives: <p>The management of the marine and coastal biodiversity of mountainous volcanic islands (Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu) and flat islands and atolls (Kiribati, Tonga) has improved.</p>
The following activities are being supported under the European Union funded GCCA: PSIS project in Tonga. Climate change adaptation project The ‘Trialling coastal protection measures in eastern Tongatapu’ project focuses on designing, building and monitoring the success of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ engineering measures working in combination along two coastal stretches. One measure consists of the construction of permeable groynes coupled with beach replenishment and coastal planting. The second measure involves constructing short offshore breakwaters combined with beach replenishment and coastal planting. Further information: