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Climate Change Adaptation: Coastal and Water Sector There were two projects in Tonga funded under the PASAP Implementation of the JNAP Activity 2.1. in relation to undertake LIDAR (light detection and ranging) survey to acquire a high resolution digital elevation model of topographic and bathymetric data. (Budget AUD4m) Coastal Inundation Modeling as Phase 2 of this assistance to be implemented with DCCEE, early 2013.(Budget: AUD$562,000) The three major components of this program Coastal Zone Assessment Water Resources Assessment (underground and rainwater?) Socio-economic Assessment Preliminary findings were presented to PASAP Technical Working Group (3 October 2012), Ha’apai Development Committee , Governor of Ha’apai and people of Lifuka (5 October 2012). Final Report was presented in March 2013.
As part of the Australian Government's International Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (ICCAI), the Pacific Adaptation Strategies Assistance Program (PASAP) and its successor, the Pacific- Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning (PACCSAP) program, aim to strengthen partner country capacity to assess vulnerability to climate change and develop robust adaptation strategies. Discussions during 2010 between the Australian Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE) and Tonga's Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management 2012-2015 (JNAP). Action 2.1 specifies the need for high resolution topographic and bathymetric data, and mapping of vulnerable coastal areas of Tongatapu. The second pahse of this project will develop capacity in relevant Government of Tonga agencies to use coastal elevation data to understand risks from sea level rise associated with climate change. The secound phase of work will also provide the IT infrastructure to store and use the data. Broader communication with in-country stakeholders to raise awareness of the new data is also proposed. Simple coastal inundation models development during the training will be used to support an initial risk assessment of priority coastal areas of Tongatapu.
Mangrove rehabilitation and conservation/ Ecosystem Based Adaptation The project’s overarching objective is to help Pacific Islanders effectively manage their mangrove and associated coastal ecosystems to support/enhance livelihoods and build resilience to the potential consequences of climate change and variability on coastal areas. The MESCAL project promoted joint management and conservation of mangrove ecosystems in select areas of Tongatapu. The geographical focus of this project is limited in certain area of Tongatapu Villages surrounding the Fanga’uta Lagoon. The project provided valuable inputs especially for the formulation of “Living with the Sea Best Practice” guideline proposed under Component 1 and when the guideline will be disseminated as part of Component 3. Effectiveness of the MESCAL project will also be captured and stored in the centrally managed database developed under Component 2.
To improve good governance for effective management, coordination, implementation and financing of climate change adaptation and disaster risk initiatives in Tonga
Project Goal: Enhance the ability of climate change resilience and adaptation planning in the Pacific, by supporting the implementation of a regional approach to climate change information management.
Vision: To promote and ensure safe, healthy, secure and resilient communities to climate change impacts and disaster risks. Goals: (1) Improved good governance for climate change adaptation and disaster risk management (2) Enhanced technical knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adaptation and effective disaster risk management (3) Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate change impacts and disaster risk (4) Enhanced community preparedness and resilience to impacts of all disasters (5) Technically reliable, economically affordable and environmentally sound energy to support the sustainable development of the Kingdom (6) Strong partnerships, cooperation and collaboration within government agencies and with civil societies and NGOs The development of JNAP II is envisioned to complete this year and implementation to begin in 2017-until 2027. The formulation of JNAP II is made possible with funding from the EU-GIZ through the ACSE Project. Note: JNAP Secretariat has been appointed to permanent senior positions of the Ministry under the Climate Change Division (as of January 2013, Malolo appointed as Director of the Department of Climate Change and in April 2014 Talo Fulivai and Ofa Kaisamy was appointed to senior positions at the Department of Climate Change.
Climate Resilience Sector Project (CRSP) was prepared under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) to mainstream climate resilience into government planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities. The purpose of the Project is to implement the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) prepared under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR). The Project will mainstream climate resilience into development planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities.The Project will (i) build capacity in climate change adaptation and disaster risk management at community, sector and national levels; (ii) provide information, tools, and legislative frameworks needed to introduce climate change considerations into government and sector planning and budgeting processes; and (iii) provide access to resource (technical, human, financial) to address the climate change risk priorities of the Government, as well as those vulnerable communities through a combination of soft and hard measures. Objectives of portal
GHG Inventory/ Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment Tonga, with reference to Article 12, paragraph 1 of the UNFCCC, is required to provide information in its national communication. Main areas of focus: (a) National inventory of GHG emissions and removals, (b) Programmes containing measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to, and mitigation of climate change, and (c) Any other information considered relevant for the achievement of the objectives of the UNFCCC. Tonga’s TNC Project will enable Tonga to prepare and submit its third national communication building on and strengthening the activities that have been carried out in preparing its second national communication. The project will further strengthen the national capacities and will further raise general knowledge and promote awareness on climate change and its effects. It will also strengthen the visibility of climate change issues on the national agenda through strengthened cooperation and increased involvement of all relevant stakeholders in the process. In addition, it will continue to strengthen and build national capacities for the effective implementation of the UNFCCC.
The project aims to empower the communities in Lifuka and Foa islands to mitigate and adapt to climate change impacts. Haʻapai Island group is recognized to be more disadvantage by the impacts of climate change compared to other part of Tonga. Geographically, they are more isolated and not easy to access. Sea level rise has resulted in a lot of beach erosion in the islands and it has also affected the quality of ground water. The ongoing increase in temperature has brought changes in weather patterns which have detrimental impact on the production level of agriculture and fisheries. The sad thing about all this happening is that, local communities have little understanding, control and let alone prepare for any of these changes. The project will adopt an integrated approach of community empowerment, communication and awareness, demonstration of best mitigation and adaptation practices for communities. It is envisage that this project will generate lessons learned for replication in other island group in Tonga.
Objectives: <p>Project Objective: To empower communities in Lifuka and Foa to better manage the impact of climate change</p>