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Climate Change Adaptation: Coastal and Water Sector There were two projects in Tonga funded under the PASAP Implementation of the JNAP Activity 2.1. in relation to undertake LIDAR (light detection and ranging) survey to acquire a high resolution digital elevation model of topographic and bathymetric data. (Budget AUD4m) Coastal Inundation Modeling as Phase 2 of this assistance to be implemented with DCCEE, early 2013.(Budget: AUD$562,000) The three major components of this program Coastal Zone Assessment Water Resources Assessment (underground and rainwater?) Socio-economic Assessment Preliminary findings were presented to PASAP Technical Working Group (3 October 2012), Ha’apai Development Committee , Governor of Ha’apai and people of Lifuka (5 October 2012). Final Report was presented in March 2013.
Straight after the endorsement of the JNAP on CCADRM by Cabinet, ACP-EU as coordinated by SOPAC had secured funding to implement the following JNAP actions;
Objectives: 1. Improved good governance for climate change adaptation and disaster risk management. (2.) Enhanced technical knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adaptation and effective disaster risk management. (3.) Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate impacts and disaster risks. (4.) Enhanced community preparedness and resilience to impacts of all disasters
As part of the Australian Government's International Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (ICCAI), the Pacific Adaptation Strategies Assistance Program (PASAP) and its successor, the Pacific- Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning (PACCSAP) program, aim to strengthen partner country capacity to assess vulnerability to climate change and develop robust adaptation strategies. Discussions during 2010 between the Australian Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE) and Tonga's Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management 2012-2015 (JNAP). Action 2.1 specifies the need for high resolution topographic and bathymetric data, and mapping of vulnerable coastal areas of Tongatapu. The second pahse of this project will develop capacity in relevant Government of Tonga agencies to use coastal elevation data to understand risks from sea level rise associated with climate change. The secound phase of work will also provide the IT infrastructure to store and use the data. Broader communication with in-country stakeholders to raise awareness of the new data is also proposed. Simple coastal inundation models development during the training will be used to support an initial risk assessment of priority coastal areas of Tongatapu.
The Pacific Climate Change Science Program is part of the Australian's International Clilmate Change Adaptation Initiative which was launched in 2008 to meet high priority adaptation needs of vulnerable countries in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly Pacific island nations and East Timor. There are 15 partner countries involved in the Pacific Climate Change Science Program. The PCCSP is supported by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) in collaboration with the Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE). It is delivered by the Bureau of Meteorology and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CRISRO), through their research partnership in the Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research (CAWCR). The program also works in close cooperation with regional Pacific organisations and other research institutions including Secretariat of the Pacifc Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the University of the South Pacific (USP). The PCCSP overall aim is to help the partner countries better their understand of past, curent and future climate and build capacity in climate science within these countries. The PCCSP is assisting the region address two key principles of the Pacific Ilsands Framework for Action on Climate Change 2006-2015; firstly, improving the understanding of climate change and secondly, the provision of education, training and awareness. These also relate to JNAP Goal 2 (Enhanced Technical Knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adpatation and effective disaster risk management & Goal 3 (Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate chagne impacts and disaster risks.
Objectives: Is to help the partner countries better their understand of past, current and future climate and build capacity in climate science within these countries.
To improve good governance for effective management, coordination, implementation and financing of climate change adaptation and disaster risk initiatives in Tonga
The Kingdom of Tonga is a large tropical archipelago of 169 is- lands spread over 700,000 square kilometres of the western South Pacific Ocean. Tonga lies just west of the International Date Line, directly south of Samoa and north of New Zealand. Most of the population lives in low-lying areas. In Western Tongatapu, parts of the communities lay less than two metres above sea level rendering properties vulnerable to flooding and coastal erosion caused by sea level rise, storm surge, heavy rain and catastrophic events such as tsunamis and cyclones. House-holds in this district tend to be of low economic means and tend to have limited ability to adapt or relocate The EU-GIZ ACSE programme helps people in 15 Pacific Island countries address two common challenges: adapting to climate change and reducing their dependence on fossil fuels. GIZ is supporting the Government of Tonga and its dedicated project team to implement coastal protection trials in selected areas of Western Tongatapu. The team is working in close part- nership with the people of the Hihifo District.
Objectives: The project aims to increase resilience of six coastal communities in Western Tongatapu to climate change impacts and to sustain their livelihoods
Vision: To promote and ensure safe, healthy, secure and resilient communities to climate change impacts and disaster risks. Goals: (1) Improved good governance for climate change adaptation and disaster risk management (2) Enhanced technical knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adaptation and effective disaster risk management (3) Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate change impacts and disaster risk (4) Enhanced community preparedness and resilience to impacts of all disasters (5) Technically reliable, economically affordable and environmentally sound energy to support the sustainable development of the Kingdom (6) Strong partnerships, cooperation and collaboration within government agencies and with civil societies and NGOs The development of JNAP II is envisioned to complete this year and implementation to begin in 2017-until 2027. The formulation of JNAP II is made possible with funding from the EU-GIZ through the ACSE Project. Note: JNAP Secretariat has been appointed to permanent senior positions of the Ministry under the Climate Change Division (as of January 2013, Malolo appointed as Director of the Department of Climate Change and in April 2014 Talo Fulivai and Ofa Kaisamy was appointed to senior positions at the Department of Climate Change.
Climate Resilience Sector Project (CRSP) was prepared under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) to mainstream climate resilience into government planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities. The purpose of the Project is to implement the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) prepared under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR). The Project will mainstream climate resilience into development planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities.The Project will (i) build capacity in climate change adaptation and disaster risk management at community, sector and national levels; (ii) provide information, tools, and legislative frameworks needed to introduce climate change considerations into government and sector planning and budgeting processes; and (iii) provide access to resource (technical, human, financial) to address the climate change risk priorities of the Government, as well as those vulnerable communities through a combination of soft and hard measures. Objectives of portal
This project aims is to increase resilience of the targeted communities in Hihifo-Haʻapai & Neiafu-Vavaʻu (Funded by FON), Lifuka District in Haʻapai & Koloa and Holeva in Vavaʻu (Funded by NZaid) to better respond to the impacts of a disaster by enabling them to revive, apply and share traditional methods and where necessary merging these practices with modern scientific and technical knowledge. Haʻapai and Vavaʻu are the two major outer islands of Tonga which are of vulnerable to impacts of natural disasters such as cyclone and floods. The frequency and intensity of these disasters especially flooding is reported to have increased over the recent years due to climate change and have caused serious damage to communities that live along the coastline. Experience has shown that after massive floods and cyclones, island communities are isolated for several weeks due to a suite of factors. As a consequence these communities are not able to receive food assistance resulting in food crisis which can last for several weeks depending upon the severity of a disaster. Most residents continue to be entrapped in the cycle of poverty after the loss of their crops, houses and other sources of livelihood as a result of reoccurring disasters. NZaid Project Goal – to reduce the social, economic and environmental impacts of disasters on the Pacific Island communities and economy and promote the achievement of associated MDGs FON Project Goal – To increase the resilience of Communities towards natural disasters in selected communities (Hihifo-Haʻapai & Neiafu-Vavaʻu)
Objectives: <p><strong>The main objectives of the NZAid project are:</strong></p> <ul> <li>To document through participatory research and disseminate widely the traditional and modern vulnerability reduction methods, social conditions and skills that effectively contribute to community resilience.</li> <li>To facilitate community self organization to prepare for and manage disasters and to build risk reduction measures into daily development activities.</li> <li>To forge linkages with key stakeholders at both national and regional levels to promote sustainability of community activities and to spread advocacy for community based vulnerability reduction</li> </ul> <p><strong>The main objectives of the FON project are:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) plans is devised and adopted.</li> <li>Pilot project on traditional coping strategies implemented</li> <li>Traditional coping mechanisms are promoted and socialized (promotions and Traditional coping strategies for DRR)</li> <li>Traditional coping strategies are supported by other organizations and stakeholders (advocacy to support investment in traditional DRR)</li> </ul>
The project aims to empower the communities in Lifuka and Foa islands to mitigate and adapt to climate change impacts. Haʻapai Island group is recognized to be more disadvantage by the impacts of climate change compared to other part of Tonga. Geographically, they are more isolated and not easy to access. Sea level rise has resulted in a lot of beach erosion in the islands and it has also affected the quality of ground water. The ongoing increase in temperature has brought changes in weather patterns which have detrimental impact on the production level of agriculture and fisheries. The sad thing about all this happening is that, local communities have little understanding, control and let alone prepare for any of these changes. The project will adopt an integrated approach of community empowerment, communication and awareness, demonstration of best mitigation and adaptation practices for communities. It is envisage that this project will generate lessons learned for replication in other island group in Tonga.
Objectives: <p>Project Objective: To empower communities in Lifuka and Foa to better manage the impact of climate change</p>