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The Kingdom of Tonga is a large tropical archipelago of 169 is- lands spread over 700,000 square kilometres of the western South Pacific Ocean. Tonga lies just west of the International Date Line, directly south of Samoa and north of New Zealand. Most of the population lives in low-lying areas. In Western Tongatapu, parts of the communities lay less than two metres above sea level rendering properties vulnerable to flooding and coastal erosion caused by sea level rise, storm surge, heavy rain and catastrophic events such as tsunamis and cyclones. House-holds in this district tend to be of low economic means and tend to have limited ability to adapt or relocate The EU-GIZ ACSE programme helps people in 15 Pacific Island countries address two common challenges: adapting to climate change and reducing their dependence on fossil fuels. GIZ is supporting the Government of Tonga and its dedicated project team to implement coastal protection trials in selected areas of Western Tongatapu. The team is working in close part- nership with the people of the Hihifo District.
Objectives: The project aims to increase resilience of six coastal communities in Western Tongatapu to climate change impacts and to sustain their livelihoods
Objectives: The Green Climate Fund (GCF) was established in 2010 by the conference of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to which Tonga acceded to. Green Climate Fund start here in Tonga on 5 February 2018 aim to Establishing and strengthening National Designated Authorities or Focal Points; Developing strategic frameworks for engagement with the GCF, including the preparation of country programmes
Climate Resilience Sector Project (CRSP) was prepared under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) to mainstream climate resilience into government planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities. The purpose of the Project is to implement the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) prepared under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR). The Project will mainstream climate resilience into development planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities.The Project will (i) build capacity in climate change adaptation and disaster risk management at community, sector and national levels; (ii) provide information, tools, and legislative frameworks needed to introduce climate change considerations into government and sector planning and budgeting processes; and (iii) provide access to resource (technical, human, financial) to address the climate change risk priorities of the Government, as well as those vulnerable communities through a combination of soft and hard measures. Objectives of portal
GHG Inventory/ Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment Tonga, with reference to Article 12, paragraph 1 of the UNFCCC, is required to provide information in its national communication. Main areas of focus: (a) National inventory of GHG emissions and removals, (b) Programmes containing measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to, and mitigation of climate change, and (c) Any other information considered relevant for the achievement of the objectives of the UNFCCC. Tonga’s TNC Project will enable Tonga to prepare and submit its third national communication building on and strengthening the activities that have been carried out in preparing its second national communication. The project will further strengthen the national capacities and will further raise general knowledge and promote awareness on climate change and its effects. It will also strengthen the visibility of climate change issues on the national agenda through strengthened cooperation and increased involvement of all relevant stakeholders in the process. In addition, it will continue to strengthen and build national capacities for the effective implementation of the UNFCCC.
The overarching project goal is to strengthen the sustainable management of marine and coastal biodiversity of mountainous volcanic islands (Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu) and of flat islands and atolls (Kiribati, Tonga). In partnership with the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the project is aiming to undertake economic assessments of marine and coastal ecosystems, integrating the results into national development plans. Through the development and provision of a spatial planning framework for territorial waters and EEZs, the project will support partner countries in setting up and expanding national protected area systems that are ecologically representative of existing marine and coastal ecosystems and habitat types. The project aims to mainstream and extend re-designed MPA networks using seascapelevel planning and will demonstrate effective approaches to site management, including payment for ecosystem services. The project aims to adopt tried and tested concepts and instruments throughout the project countries and the wider Oceania region.
Objectives: <p>The management of the marine and coastal biodiversity of mountainous volcanic islands (Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu) and flat islands and atolls (Kiribati, Tonga) has improved.</p>
This project aims is to increase resilience of the targeted communities in Hihifo-Haʻapai & Neiafu-Vavaʻu (Funded by FON), Lifuka District in Haʻapai & Koloa and Holeva in Vavaʻu (Funded by NZaid) to better respond to the impacts of a disaster by enabling them to revive, apply and share traditional methods and where necessary merging these practices with modern scientific and technical knowledge. Haʻapai and Vavaʻu are the two major outer islands of Tonga which are of vulnerable to impacts of natural disasters such as cyclone and floods. The frequency and intensity of these disasters especially flooding is reported to have increased over the recent years due to climate change and have caused serious damage to communities that live along the coastline. Experience has shown that after massive floods and cyclones, island communities are isolated for several weeks due to a suite of factors. As a consequence these communities are not able to receive food assistance resulting in food crisis which can last for several weeks depending upon the severity of a disaster. Most residents continue to be entrapped in the cycle of poverty after the loss of their crops, houses and other sources of livelihood as a result of reoccurring disasters. NZaid Project Goal – to reduce the social, economic and environmental impacts of disasters on the Pacific Island communities and economy and promote the achievement of associated MDGs FON Project Goal – To increase the resilience of Communities towards natural disasters in selected communities (Hihifo-Haʻapai & Neiafu-Vavaʻu)
Objectives: <p><strong>The main objectives of the NZAid project are:</strong></p> <ul> <li>To document through participatory research and disseminate widely the traditional and modern vulnerability reduction methods, social conditions and skills that effectively contribute to community resilience.</li> <li>To facilitate community self organization to prepare for and manage disasters and to build risk reduction measures into daily development activities.</li> <li>To forge linkages with key stakeholders at both national and regional levels to promote sustainability of community activities and to spread advocacy for community based vulnerability reduction</li> </ul> <p><strong>The main objectives of the FON project are:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) plans is devised and adopted.</li> <li>Pilot project on traditional coping strategies implemented</li> <li>Traditional coping mechanisms are promoted and socialized (promotions and Traditional coping strategies for DRR)</li> <li>Traditional coping strategies are supported by other organizations and stakeholders (advocacy to support investment in traditional DRR)</li> </ul>
The project aims to empower the communities in Lifuka and Foa islands to mitigate and adapt to climate change impacts. Haʻapai Island group is recognized to be more disadvantage by the impacts of climate change compared to other part of Tonga. Geographically, they are more isolated and not easy to access. Sea level rise has resulted in a lot of beach erosion in the islands and it has also affected the quality of ground water. The ongoing increase in temperature has brought changes in weather patterns which have detrimental impact on the production level of agriculture and fisheries. The sad thing about all this happening is that, local communities have little understanding, control and let alone prepare for any of these changes. The project will adopt an integrated approach of community empowerment, communication and awareness, demonstration of best mitigation and adaptation practices for communities. It is envisage that this project will generate lessons learned for replication in other island group in Tonga.
Objectives: <p>Project Objective: To empower communities in Lifuka and Foa to better manage the impact of climate change</p>