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Climate Change Adaptation: Coastal and Water Sector There were two projects in Tonga funded under the PASAP Implementation of the JNAP Activity 2.1. in relation to undertake LIDAR (light detection and ranging) survey to acquire a high resolution digital elevation model of topographic and bathymetric data. (Budget AUD4m) Coastal Inundation Modeling as Phase 2 of this assistance to be implemented with DCCEE, early 2013.(Budget: AUD$562,000) The three major components of this program Coastal Zone Assessment Water Resources Assessment (underground and rainwater?) Socio-economic Assessment Preliminary findings were presented to PASAP Technical Working Group (3 October 2012), Ha’apai Development Committee , Governor of Ha’apai and people of Lifuka (5 October 2012). Final Report was presented in March 2013.
Straight after the endorsement of the JNAP on CCADRM by Cabinet, ACP-EU as coordinated by SOPAC had secured funding to implement the following JNAP actions;
Objectives: 1. Improved good governance for climate change adaptation and disaster risk management. (2.) Enhanced technical knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adaptation and effective disaster risk management. (3.) Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate impacts and disaster risks. (4.) Enhanced community preparedness and resilience to impacts of all disasters
As part of the Australian Government's International Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (ICCAI), the Pacific Adaptation Strategies Assistance Program (PASAP) and its successor, the Pacific- Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning (PACCSAP) program, aim to strengthen partner country capacity to assess vulnerability to climate change and develop robust adaptation strategies. Discussions during 2010 between the Australian Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE) and Tonga's Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management 2012-2015 (JNAP). Action 2.1 specifies the need for high resolution topographic and bathymetric data, and mapping of vulnerable coastal areas of Tongatapu. The second pahse of this project will develop capacity in relevant Government of Tonga agencies to use coastal elevation data to understand risks from sea level rise associated with climate change. The secound phase of work will also provide the IT infrastructure to store and use the data. Broader communication with in-country stakeholders to raise awareness of the new data is also proposed. Simple coastal inundation models development during the training will be used to support an initial risk assessment of priority coastal areas of Tongatapu.
As part of the Australian Government's International Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (ICCAI), the Pacific Adaptation Strategies Assistance Program (PASAP) and its successor, the Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning (PACCSAP) program, aim to strengthen partner country capacity to assess vulnerability to climate change and develop robust adaptation strategies. Discussions during 2010 between the Australian Government Department of Cliamte Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE) and Tonga's Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MECC) highlighted the potential for supporting Action 2.1 of Tonga's Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management 2012-2015 (JNAP). Action 2.1 specifies the need for high resolution imagery was also captured with the LiDAR. The surveys were completed in Octorber 2011 and the data was processed to produce high resolution digital elevation models (DEMS) and other derived products. Phase one also assessed institutional technical capability whithin the Government of Tonga to receive and use the elevation data, and scoped capacity building requirements to sustainably use the data for coastal inundation modelling and risk assessment.
Objectives: Captured high resolution topographic and bathymetric data of Tongatapu and Lifuka through airborne LiDAR surveys
Objectives: The Green Climate Fund (GCF) was established in 2010 by the conference of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to which Tonga acceded to. Green Climate Fund start here in Tonga on 5 February 2018 aim to Establishing and strengthening National Designated Authorities or Focal Points; Developing strategic frameworks for engagement with the GCF, including the preparation of country programmes
Project Goal: Enhance the ability of climate change resilience and adaptation planning in the Pacific, by supporting the implementation of a regional approach to climate change information management.
Vision: To promote and ensure safe, healthy, secure and resilient communities to climate change impacts and disaster risks. Goals: (1) Improved good governance for climate change adaptation and disaster risk management (2) Enhanced technical knowledge base, information, education and understanding of climate change adaptation and effective disaster risk management (3) Analysis and assessments of vulnerability to climate change impacts and disaster risk (4) Enhanced community preparedness and resilience to impacts of all disasters (5) Technically reliable, economically affordable and environmentally sound energy to support the sustainable development of the Kingdom (6) Strong partnerships, cooperation and collaboration within government agencies and with civil societies and NGOs The development of JNAP II is envisioned to complete this year and implementation to begin in 2017-until 2027. The formulation of JNAP II is made possible with funding from the EU-GIZ through the ACSE Project. Note: JNAP Secretariat has been appointed to permanent senior positions of the Ministry under the Climate Change Division (as of January 2013, Malolo appointed as Director of the Department of Climate Change and in April 2014 Talo Fulivai and Ofa Kaisamy was appointed to senior positions at the Department of Climate Change.
GHG Inventory/ Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment Tonga, with reference to Article 12, paragraph 1 of the UNFCCC, is required to provide information in its national communication. Main areas of focus: (a) National inventory of GHG emissions and removals, (b) Programmes containing measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to, and mitigation of climate change, and (c) Any other information considered relevant for the achievement of the objectives of the UNFCCC. Tonga’s TNC Project will enable Tonga to prepare and submit its third national communication building on and strengthening the activities that have been carried out in preparing its second national communication. The project will further strengthen the national capacities and will further raise general knowledge and promote awareness on climate change and its effects. It will also strengthen the visibility of climate change issues on the national agenda through strengthened cooperation and increased involvement of all relevant stakeholders in the process. In addition, it will continue to strengthen and build national capacities for the effective implementation of the UNFCCC.